Oceangoing Cargo Ships Safety & Operational Matters
Home || Tanker Safety || Container Ship Handling || Commercial Management || EMS ||

Emergency procedures for rescue from enclosed spaces

A responsible member of the crew outside an enclosed space notices something wrong within, or any other person who sees or suspects a casualty within a confined space should first raise an Alarm. On no account should the person(s) attempt to enter it before additional help has arrived, and no one should enter any space or attempt to rescue, without wearing a breathing apparatus set.

The only exception to the rescuer not wearing a breathing apparatus set is when it is positively known that the cause of the accident was not a deficiency in the space atmosphere.

containerships operational matters
Oil Tanker Safety Guide
Mustering of rescue resources

On hearing an alarm, the Master or responsible officer should muster a Rescue Team comprising at least two persons and a third person in charge who should remain outside the space to exercise control. Unless not already ready at space entrance before the enclosed space entry was permitted, the following minimum items should be assembled at site :
  1. 2 x Self Contained Breathing Apparatus
  2. EEBD
  3. Resuscitator
  4. Lifelines (to be used unless impracticable)
  5. Rescue Harness / Neil Robertson stretcher, with rope


The rescuers entering the enclosed space must wear an SCBA and carry an EEBD and Rescue Harness for casualty use.
They should be in continuous communication with the rescue supervisor who should appraise the Master of the events.

Personnel should be allocated to relieve or backup the rescue team. The support team should arrange backup equipment outside space like spare SCBA bottles, ropes, first aid equipment, and possibly hoisting equipment to aid in lifting the casualty. A stretcher, if available, is necessary to evacuate any casualty with a suspected neck or spinal injuries, after fastening him.
In other cases, a rescue harness may be used. If necessary, the EEBD is to be used to supply the casualty with fresh air,

In case the casualty requires artificial respiration, then the resuscitator must be used.

Note : “Resuscitation apparatus” provided to all Tankers should always be kept for immediate use, should be stowed where it is easily accessible and not kept locked up, and crew must be aware of its location and trained in its proper use.

The casualty should be moved to the nearest safe adjacent area outside the enclosed space unless his injuries and the likely time of evacuation makes some treatment essential before he is moved.

Medical advice is to be sought from shore as required.

Related Information

Preparations prior entering an enclosed space

Procedures and safeguards against accidents in an enclosed space

How to ensure safe working atmosphere onboard?

Other info pages !

Ships Charterparties Related terms & guideline
Stevedores injury How to prevent injury onboard
Environmental issues How to prevent marine pollution
Cargo & Ballast Handling Safety Guideline
Reefer cargo handling Troubleshoot and countermeasures
DG cargo handling Procedures & Guidelines
Safety in engine room Standard procedures
Questions from user and feedback Read our knowledgebase
Home page

ShipsBusiness.com is merely an informational site about various aspects of ships operation,maintenance procedure, prevention of pollution and many safety guideline. The procedures explained here are only indicative, not exhaustive in nature and one must always be guided by practices of good seamanship.

User feedback is important to update our database. For any comment or suggestions please Contact us
Site Use and Privacy - Read our privacy policy and site use information.
//Home //Terms and conditions of use

Copyright © 2015 www.shipsbusiness.com All rights reserved.