Oceangoing Cargo Ships Safety & Operational Matters
containerships operational matters
Oil Tanker Safety Guide
Home || Tanker Safety || Container Ship Handling || Commercial Management || EMS ||

ShipBoard Safety Checklist- Safety & House Keeping Checklist

Modern shipping industry recognizes safety is the prime concern for all shipboard activities. Summarized below are some basic check items ensuring safe working environment onboard vessel.

These procedures are only indicative, not exhaustive in nature and one must always be guided by practices of good seamanship .

Accommodation -Safety checklist

1. All emergency lights operational, color coded and marked with "E"

2. Internal and external lighting in accommodation ok

3. Escape routes unobstructed; exits clearly marked

4. Safety signs and placards posted and clearly readable

5. All portable fire extinguishers & stowage locations numbered, in place & inspection dated

6. Life jackets, immersion suits & EEBDs correctly stowed & marked

7. Adequate number of ashtrays provided and correctly placed. (On Tankers-Safety ash trays)

8. For safety reasons, fire station not locked but only sealed

9. Internal communications equipment tested and operating correctly

10. Muster list signed and properly displayed at appropriate locations

Accommodation - Housekeeping/General checklist

11. Is the cleanliness of common rooms satisfactory

• Mess rooms & smoking rooms

• Gymnasium

• Laundry

• Ship's Office & Cargo control room

• Changing rooms

• Common toilets and showers

12. Cleanliness of all cabins, alleyways and staircases satisfactory

13. All garbage bins & lids in common spaces, color coded, labeled and made of non-combustible material. In cabins, 2 bins available (1 for plastic)

14. Area free of overloaded, unauthorised or jury-rigged electrical items

15. Galley and food storage areas:

• Cold chambers set at correct temperatures

• Pots, knives, cooking utensils are clean

• Provision chambers are clean

• Any signs of cockroaches or other

• Infestation in the galley or storage areas

• Reefer chamber alarm tested and working

• Food products are within expiry dates

16. Catering personnel comply with the following:

• Any wound, cut or illness reported to master

• Wounds, cuts are appropriately covered

• No smoking in galley/mess rooms (tankers)

• Washing hands with soap prior handling food

17. Quality of fresh water is good

18. Stores are neatly stowed in lockers

19. Approved First Aid supplies are readily available, accessible and clearly marked

20. Hospital is clean, unoccupied and ready for use

21. Garbage properly stowed, segregated & disposed

Machinery spaces -Safety checklist

22. Escape routes, ladders and emergency exits unobstructed and clearly marked

23. All handrails, guard-rails and safety guards correctly fitted and secured to protect against fall

24. Spare life-jackets marked and in good order, emergency equipment accessible and operational

25. All lights operational, stairways and work areas adequately lit, emergency lighting in E/R checked

26. “No Hot Work” stenciled on all fuel and lub oil tanks in E/R

27. Safety signs and placards posted and clearly readable

28. Switchboard area clear and free of obstructions and rubber mats in position

29. All portable fire extinguishers correctly stowed, accessible and inspection dated

30. All fixed fire-fighting equipment unobstructed and in good condition

31. All personnel wear correct personal protective gear

32. High voltage areas clearly marked

33. Muster lists displayed

34. Protective guards for rotating machinery properly secured in place

35. Steering gear space free from oil, gratings or non-slip surfaces in place around the steering gear

36. Shielding of high pressure fuel pipes in place, steam pipes properly insulated

37. Self-closing device on sounding pipes and glass level gauges functional & not tied in open posn

38. Steam, water or oil leaks anywhere in the machinery space

39. Area free of spilt oil, grease, combustible rubbish, tools and equipment not in use

40. Area free of combustible liquids in open containers

41. Pipe Insulations are oil free

42. Walkways, stairways and ladders clear of obstructions

43. Walkways, stairways and ladders are clean, dry and have non-skid surfaces where appropriate

44. Low clearance limits stripe marked

45. Oil soaked rags and other flammable materials kept in covered non-combustible bins

46. Supplies and materials properly stored

47. Chemicals properly labelled and stored, acids & alkalis segregated, MSDS & PPE available at site

48. Approved First Aid supplies readily available, accessible and clearly marked

49. Bilges free of oil

50. Is the engine room workshop tidy with equipment protected as required & safety instructions posted

Deck area - Safety checklist

51. Escape routes and embarking areas marked, unobstructed and no slipping and tripping hazards

52. “Danger-Enclosed Space” marked outside all such spaces having access other than via manholes

53. All deck lights operational and in sound enclosures

54. All hand-rails and guard-rails correctly fitted and secure, all ladderways guarded by railings

55. All safety & hazard zone identification signs posted & readable, fire plan wallets updated

56. HRU's for life rafts and EPIRB's correctly fitted (incl. weak link) and within expiry date

57. All lifebuoys correctly stowed, life buoy lights and smoke markers valid & in good condition

58. Lifeboats in good condition

59. All personnel wearing correct personal protective gear

60. Decks and walkways free form oil / grease and is there anti-slip paint at mooring areas

61. Piping systems on deck are properly clamped

62. W/T doors closing properly with packing in good condition

63. All weather tight hatches closing properly with packing in good condition

64. Is the oil pollution clean-up equipment in good condition and are the storage locations clearly marked?

65. Deck cranes, mooring winches & windlasses are free from oil leakages

66. Area free of combustible rubbish and tools and equipment which are not in use

67. Area free of leaking pipes and fittings

68. Supplies and materials are properly stored

69. All cans in paint store are closed, cargo & bunker samples on tankers are stowed in paint store

70. MSDS provided and readily accessible. (Paints, chemicals & Tanker Cargos)

71. Drip trays are in good condition empty and clean with capacity clearly marked

72. All sounding caps in place & properly tightened?

Other areas (Tankers) -Safety & house keeping checklist

73. Cargo pump rooms are marked with entry requirements

74. Pump room rescue equipment ready for use

75. Pump room- Internal communications equipment tested and operating correctly

76. Pump room-Cargo pump glands visually inspected for leaks and marked

77. Pump room- Area free of leaking pipes and fittings, bilges free of oil & water

78. Pump room lighting in good order

79. Emergency towing arrangements forward and aft ready for use

80. No unsafe camera, cell phones, torch, walky-talkie or other electronic equipment in use on deck

81. Electrical conductivity arrangement at flanges of cargo,COW & electric cable pipes in good order

Further Reading

How to ensure safe working atmosphere in the engine room

Ships crew familiarization training onboard

Job specific training onboard

Related articles

  1. Acceptance / rejection of fuel in a quality dispute
    Accepting fuel oil for ship use needs some careful consideration since poor quality fuel can cause ships main engine fuel system operational problems, such as purifier or filter clogging, fuel pump scoring or failure, severe cylinder liner wear, fuel injector seizure, exhaust valve seat corrosion or blow-past and turbocharger turbine wheel is fouling. Above is just a shortlist of potential problems. Ships chief engineer should apply his best judgment before deciding to accept or reject bunker fuel oil......

  2. Operational guideline during bunkering
    Fuel oil bunkering is a critical operation onboard ships that require receiving oil safely into the fuel oil tanks, without causing an overflow of oil. With the cost of bunkers amounting to 50% of the total operating costs of ships, shipowners need to seek ways to monitor and control this vast expenditure continually. Typically, physical custody transfer of bunkers is made thousands of miles away from the contracting parties' offices, with neither buyer nor seller present during actual bunkering operations. ......

  3. Common bunker terms and related guideline
    Ships bunkering is generally applied to the storage of petroleum products in designated tanks for ship's main engine propulsion and power generation at sea. Bunkering is a major voyage cost for ship owners to run their business. A prudent shipowner/operator needs a bunkering plan – allowing for the purchase of bunkers at the best price in quantities sufficient for a safe voyage, but also allowing for the maximum carriage of cargo. Refueling of ships is carried out at all major seaports. ........

  4. Ships bunkering guideline- planning, preparation, safety checks & confirmation
    Bunkering checklists should be implemented to reduce the risk of negligence and other operational errors. They must be followed in consultation with the chief engineer, as he is normally the designated officer-in-charge of the bunkering operation. Before bunkering, usually, a junior engineering officer takes soundings of bunker tanks and calculates the volume of fuel oil available in every fuel oil tank on the ship. Then a bunker plan is prepared for the distribution of the fuel oil to be received.

  5. Bunkering arrangement and safety factors onboard
    When disputes arise over quantity and quality transferred, investigations after delivery are usually inconclusive if the shipboard personnel of the receiving vessel is not correct and or fully informed and trained. Protests, legal fees, management time, loss of goodwill, stress all add on to costs with usually neither party concluding with certainty what transpired onboard......

  6. Bunkering safe procedure and detail guideline for ships
    Bunkering may take place offshore, at anchor or alongside. It may be pumped from a road tanker, bunker barge, or another tanker or ship. Whatever the provider, the procedures followed are similar. Bunkering should be considered a high-risk operation, where mistakes can result in pollution, high financial penalties, or even imprisonment......

  7. How to keep bunkering record ?
    The consequences of bunker shortage or off-specification bunkers can be very severe. A lower quality bunker supply can lead to ship engine failure, incur loss-time, and additional expenses for refueling. In many parts of the world, greedy bunker suppliers make tricks to supply less. Both this situation not only increases the financial burden of a shipowner but also damages business reputation. Some critical considerations, therefore, need to be made for a safe bunkering operation.

  8. Precautions prior transferring fuel oil into storage tanks
    Fuel oils are loaded through deck fill connections that have sample connections provided to allow the fuel to be sampled as it is taken aboard. HFO is placed in storage tanks fitted with heating coils. In preparation for use, HFO is transferred to the fuel oil settling tanks via FO transfer pumps, which are equipped with a suction strainer. Piping is so arranged that the pumps can convey fuel between storage tanks and the deck connections for offloading. Settling tanks are used to sanction gross water and solids to settle on the bottom. ......

  9. Treatment of waste oil and oily bilge
    All modern cargo ship types are now essentially equipped with incinerators to process waste oil, bilge, and sludge generated in ships' machinery spaces and also overboard discharge arrangements under 15 ppm. However, if such onboard disposal is improper or impossible especially when ship transiting through a special area, all waste items should be taken ashore for disposal at a shore receiving facility......

  10. Procedure for oil tankers and how to maintain records
    Tankers are specialized vessels that include crude oil, product, chemical, LNG, and other tanker types. Tankers spend considerable time in ballast given the typical one -way nature of the underlying trades. Tankers are selfdischarging and most are equipped with a series of pumps that allow for a fast turnaround in port......

  11. Heating of fuel oil storage tank
    Ships fuel oil bunker tanks and waste oil tanks must have some form of tank heating. Normally the heating is by way of steam produced by an oil-fired boiler and passed through coils inside the oil tank. Other ways to heat the fuel tanks are by using thermal oil. It also utilizes an oil fired boiler that heats the thermal oil, which is circulated through coils inside the tank by a pump. Temperature regulation and monitoring can be automatic and self-adjusting but are commonly effected by checking the tank temperature and manually adjusting the heating accordingly......

  12. Fuel oil viscosity control
    Fuel viscosity control is a method to control viscosity and temperature of Fuel Oil (FO) for an active fire in diesel engines of motor vessels and generators of oil-fired energy plants. Fuel oil's viscosity heavily depends on the temperature; the higher is the temperature, the lower is the viscosity......

  13. Tanker vessel safety guideline - inert gas system
    Vessels carrying cargos that produce hydrocarbon vapors require an inerting solution to eliminate the risk of explosions and fires in cargo tanks ( crude oil tankers, chemical tankers, product tankers, gas carrier, etc.). Inert Gas System is used to keep the oxygen content below 8%, a standard set by the International Maritime Organisation ( IMO )......

  14. Tanker vessel safety guideline - gas freeing procedure
    The safest way to gas free an oil tank which is fitted with an inert gas system is to use a fan and vent the tank. Before entry, an O2 meter must be used and the tank must also be checked with an explosimeter. These meters must also be used while in the tank. The sketch shows a diagrammatic view of an explosimeter.....

  15. Precautions prior entering freezing zone - Check items in oil tankers operation
    Ocean water freezes just like freshwater, but at lower temperatures. Freshwater freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit, but seawater freezes at about 28.4 degrees Fahrenheit, because of the salt in it. Due to the presence of many hostile conditions, any merchant ship, while entering a freezing sea area, significant challenges are being encountered concerning safety and reliability of navigation. Shipmaster should ensure that the following measures have been taken to prevent damage to Vessel, Machinery, Pipelines, and Equipment prior entry into areas with Freezing Conditions......

  16. Tanker vessel safety guideline - how to prevent oil spillage
    There exists an inherent risk of oil spillage while handling oil cargo on board an oil tanker. However, good prevention initiatives can go a long way in reducing the risk of oil pollution from ships. In the event of any oil spillage from the ship, it is necessary to ensure that effective preparedness measures are in place to ensure a timely and coordinated response to limit the adverse consequences of pollution incidents involving oil and hazardous and noxious substances (HNS). We have summarized below some fundamental guideline for safe handling of oil cargo.....

  17. Tanker vessel safety guideline - tank cleaning procedures
    Tank cleaning is the process of removing hydrocarbon vapors, liquids, or residues from cargo tanks onboard a tanker. Tank cleaning may be required for one or more of the following reasons: To carry clean ballast, gas-free tanks for internal inspections, repairs, or before entering the dry dock. Also to remove sediments from tank top plating.

  18. Pumproom procedure
    A pump room onboard an oil tanker contains the largest concentration of cargo pipelines of any space within the ship and leakage of a volatile product from any part of this system could lead to the rapid generation of a flammable or toxic atmosphere......

  19. Pumproom inspection for tankers
    Correct use and setup of pump room(s) ventilation systems are essential to ensure that pump room(s) remain free from explosive or toxic atmospheres. Invariably the system fans are set up to make suction from below the bottom floor plates, i.e., from the bilge area. It gives full and proper circulation of all air in the pumproom to maintain a safe atmosphere......

  20. Crude oil washing for tankers
    Crude oil washing (C.O.W.) is a system whereby oil tanks on a tanker are cleaned out between voyages not with water, but with crude oil - the cargo itself. The solvent action of crude oil makes the cleaning process far more effective than when water is used. However, such a technique of washing cargo tanks involves many hazards, and careful consideration will need to be made for safe planning and execution. ......

  21. Oil pollution prevention method
    Any misuse of fuel oil can lead to significant claims and jeopardize the safety of the ship. The International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals (ISGOTT) makes recommendations for the safe carriage and handling of petroleum cargo, which is seen as a fundamental part of overall Tanker Safety.

  22. General precautions for tankers
    Navigating through thunderstorms should be avoided as far as practically possible by changing of course while cargo related activities are carried out which may result in discharge of flammable vapors. If the passing through thunderstorms cannot be avoided, all open cargo oil tank hatches should be closed until the vessel has passed through the thunderstorm The valves in the main vent lines may be temporarily secured in locked position, but must be opened immediately after passing through the thunderstorm........

  23. Tanker equipment and machinery
    The Chief Engineer and Chief Officer shall jointly be responsible for the inspection and maintenance of the following cargo oil transfer equipment and machinery before entering port. The Chief Engineer shall prepare and maintain the equipment manuals of machinery and equipment, including critical components related to cargo operations including the procedures for their Emergency operation. All items should be in good operational condition.

  24. How to ensure safe working atmosphere onboard?
    ShipBoard Safety Checklist- Safety & House Keeping Checklist....

Other info pages !

Ships Charterparties Related terms & guideline
Stevedores injury How to prevent injury onboard
Environmental issues How to prevent marine pollution
Cargo & Ballast Handling Safety Guideline
Reefer cargo handling Troubleshoot and countermeasures
DG cargo handling Procedures & Guidelines
Safety in engine room Standard procedures
Questions from user and feedback Read our knowledgebase
Home page

ShipsBusiness.com is merely an informational site about various aspects of ships operation,maintenance procedure, prevention of pollution and many safety guideline. The procedures explained here are only indicative, not exhaustive in nature and one must always be guided by practices of good seamanship.

User feedback is important to update our database. For any comment or suggestions please Contact us
Site Use and Privacy - Read our privacy policy and site use information.
//Home //Terms and conditions of use

Copyright © 2015 www.shipsbusiness.com All rights reserved.