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General guidance for Marine Environment Protection

The shipping industry recognizes environmental protection as one of its highest priorities and that every effort should be made to conserve and protect the environment from marine, atmospheric and other forms of pollution. Environment Policy aims to eliminate the possibility of pollution at source by ensuring that high standards of safety and awareness are maintained and that all relevant legislation and conventions are followed. Concerned parties to be committed to the continuous improvement of procedures for achieving Zero spills.

An Environmental Management System (EMS) is a structure designed to implement and establish an effective environmental policy. Shipboard EMS Team is to be made responsible for identifying and monitoring any specific legal, regulatory, and other relevant requirements and guidelines about the environmental program. It is done to ensure that the program and its objectives are kept up-to-date and in line with legislation. The team will also ensure that any legal requirements relating to the environmental program are fully complied with. Records will be maintained (e.g., through the use of ballast and garbage logs or incident reports, etc.) and periodically evaluated. Such compliance should also be reviewed during EMS meetings and employing internal audits

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Oil Tanker Safety Guide
Access to this information can be achieved through books, web-sites, industry journals etc and are to include, but not be limited to, the following sources:
  1. MARPOL Annex I Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil
  2. MARPOL Annex II Regulations for the Control of Pollution by Noxious Substances in Bulk
  3. MARPOL Annex III Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Harmful Substances Carried by Sea in Packaged Form
  4. MARPOL Annex IV Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships
  5. MARPOL Annex V Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships
  6. MARPOL Annex VI Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships
  7. International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation 1990
  8. International Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by the Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter. (The London Convention 1972)
  9. International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-Fouling Systems on Ships 2001
  10. International Convention for the Control and Management of Ship’s Ballast Water and Sediments 2004
  11. IMO Guidelines on Ship Recycling
  12. EU Fuel Sulphur Directive
  13. United States Oil Pollution Act 1990 (OPA90)
  14. The International Safety Management (ISM) Code
  15. www.imo.org Various links to conventions such as the aforementioned and marine environment issues including circulars and other documentation.
  16. www.eea.eu.int Information concerning EU regulations and environmental development.
  17. www.globallast.imo.org The Global Ballast Water Management Program which assists in implementation of above Ballast Convention and a source of updated information on ballast.
  18. www.uscg.mil/hq/g-m/gmhome.htm The United States Coast Guard web page for Marine, Safety, Security and Environmental Protection
  19. www.intercargo.com International Association of Dry Cargo Ship Owners
  20. www.intertanko.com International Association of Independent Tanker Owners
  21. www.marisec.org/ics The International Chamber of Shipping
The above list covers guidance and legislation for ships; however a list of local requirements and legislation, as applicable, should also be made for office environmental issues. In addition, a useful source of reference and information can be obtained from various environmental organisations such as Green Peace (www.greenpeaceweb.org) and Friends of the Earth (www.foe.co.uk) as well as Classification Society and P&I Club websites and newsletters.

marine environment

An active list is to be maintained by the EMS Team for reference and used for obtaining relevant data and information relating to the environmental program. Wherever possible, the aspect/activity list and objectives should cross-reference the applicable legislation or guidance source.

Identified significant aspects are to be controlled in such a manner as to ensure that they are planned and carried out in line with the Company’s Environmental Policy, objectives, and targets. In doing so, documented procedures are included within the SMS to ensure that measures are taken to ensure the correct and safe operating procedures relating to the aspects. Similarly, procedures are in place (including within the SOPEP/ECP) to safeguard and control situations where there may be a breakdown or failure of the procedures relating to significant aspects. Where new significant aspects are identified, procedures should be revised or amended to consider

Any monitoring systems developed should be as simple as possible, while at the same time should be able to provide all relevant information and be capable of verifying compliance with environmental legislation. If measurement equipment is installed and used for the monitoring of objectives and targets, such equipment must be calibrated as per the manufacturer’s instructions. Results of any monitoring are to be used for measuring and revising environmental performance during the management review.


Internal auditing with particular reference made to ISO 14001. Any findings will be dealt with by proper corrective action and evidence of the same file with the audit report.

The regional management office will establish an internal audit program for the office and each vessel before accreditation of ISO 14001. Auditors carrying out enhanced environmental management audits, including the requirements of ISO14001, must have received appropriate training.

Documentation summary

The following is a summary of documentation and records relating to environmental protection and management which are to be referenced and/or maintained:
Related info :
  1. Marine environment protection recommended guideline

  2. Ballast water management convention recommended guideline for environmental protection

  3. Pollution by ballast water

  4. Impact of ballast water at marine environment

  5. Ballast water treatment system components

  6. Ballast water management USCG final rules

  7. Marpol annex I - Preventing pollution by oil -Notes on Oily Water Separators

  8. Marpol Annex II -Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk

  9. Marpol annex III -Pollution by other harmful substances & harmful packaged goods

  10. Marpol annex IV - Prohibition on Sewage Discharge

  11. Marpol annex V - Pollution by garbage

  12. Marpol annex VI - Pollution by air

  13. Pollution by ballast water

  14. Prevention of pollution while carrying out overboard maintenance

  15. Burning of heavy fuel oil & diesel oil - Environmental impacts

Preventing air pollution various guideline:

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