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What is stranding ? Cargo ships Stranding accident handling checklist
Difference between stranding and beaching?:
Stranding means when a vessel has run aground, it is accidental. In consequence, the double bottom area of the vessel will probably suffer considerable damage, especially if the ground is rocky. This is physically the same action as beaching, but with the significant
difference that beaching the vessel is an intentional action and under
comparatively controlled conditions, whereas stranding is accidental.
Circumstances will vary with different ships,but selecting a convenient position
to ‘set down’ will in all probability never arise. In consequence, the double
bottom area of the vessel will probably suffer considerable damage,
especially if the ground is rocky.
The method of procedure to follow on stranding can only be an outline,
when one considers how circumstances may vary. Here are some guideline to follow:
Prepare records in time series on the matter at the time and after the accident.
If another ship is responsible for the accident (e.g. illegal navigation), confirm the
name of the ship, ship owner, operator, Master, port of registry, last port, and next
port, and tender a claim notice
Investigation of stranding conditions
Sounding of each tank and hold bilge (carry out periodically).
Survey location and extent of damage (as far as possible).
Check for oil leakages.
Investigation of necessity and possibility for reinforcing water tightness, and if necessary materials are on hand.
Investigation of degree and extent of stranding, and list of the hull.
Confirmation of current draft..
Survey of nature of the seabed by sounding.
Calculation of tide at the time of stranding
(Time & height of Tide, and direction & speed of Current).
Determination of current GM.
Investigation of possibility of self-refloating and urgency of danger
Degree and urgency of danger due to change of tidal level.
Possibility of re-floating by de-ballasting and discharging FW/DW.
Possibility of re-floating by high water.
Reduction of GM and safety for vessel after de-ballasting.
Possibility of increase in damage by use of engine judging from the stranding conditions and nature of the seabed.
Conclusion of salvage contract
Access control in compliance with SSP. Check authorization to board.
Confirmation of type and contents of the salvage contract
(Whether it meets the Master’s request or Company’s instructions).
Confirmation of expiration point of salvage contract (Date and Location).
Recording of refloating operation
Continual recording of weather and sea conditions during salvage operation.
Nature of the seabed, and tidal current (direction and speed) at waters around the spot
Arrival time of salvers, name of salvage boats, time of signature on salvage contract.
Details of discussions between the vessel and the salvers.
Description of operation at each step, type and quantity of materials used.
If cargo is discharged at sea, record of arrangement of G.A. surveyors and details of temporarily unloaded cargo (container numbers, or other details).
Work done by the vessel and details of use of engines.
Time and place when operation was completed.
Recording of crankshaft deflection after re-floating
Visitors to the vessel (Interviews with crew members)
Usual access control to vessel as per SSP and after Master’s permission
Interview to be given only after Company’s permission
Note that seaworthiness of the vessel at the time of sailing from last port is an absolute
condition for collecting salvage expenses and contesting cargo interest’ claims.
Guideline for salvage operation after a collision accident
Guideline for salvage of another ship after collision accident
Emergency check items to find a missing crew
Handling the salvage of another ship,salvage report and towing arrangement
Requirement of towing arrangement in oil tankers, readyness, & training onboard
Salvage remunerations - benifits of L.O.F. contract or daily hire basis contract
How to deal with ships power failure
Emergency Procedure for steering gear malfunction
How to deal with ships collision accident
What are the ships collision handling checklist?
What is gyro failure and countermeasures
How to detect fire and extinguish at an early stage ?
Fighting fire and countermeasures after a collision incident
What is a criminal case onboard? Master's legal authority of handling criminals onboard
What are the procedure for handling death onboard ship?
How to deal when a person reported missing onboard ?
How to give treatment to injured persons onboard ?
How to rescue a person from enclosed spaces ?
More shipboard operation and safety matters
Safe anchoring - planning and operational guidance for cargo ships
Anchor watch check item - deck officers guideline
How to deal with a damaged anchor?
How to recover a lost anchor ?
What is stranding ? Investigation of possibility of self-refloating and urgency of danger
What are the emergency procedures for loss of anchor and chain?
In case of damage to anchor and chain when to claim for '' general average"?
Ships arrival in ports - check item prior entry
Ships navigation in restricted visibility check items
Rules of ships navigation in restricted visibility
Ships navigation in confined water - matters that require attention
Securing your vessel for sea passage - when to check and what to check
Collecting Information and Data for Passage Planning
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