ship handling

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Measures to protect the vessel side against stevedores injury & stevedores damage

stevedore working with container lashings
Stevedore working with container lashings

Working with containers : The decks, hatch covers, lashing bridges and holds of a container ship can be hazardous places to work. To avoid accidental injury, exercise care and follow these rules:
  1. when working on deck, always wear high visibility clothing, safety shoes and a hard hat
  2. always install temporary fencing and safety bars before starting cargo operations
  3. never allow fittings to be thrown onto the ship’s deck from a height
  4. check that sliding sockets and stacking cones are removed from hatch covers before opening
  5. when working in the vicinity of moving containers, never work with your back towards a container or stand where a swinging container could strike you
  6. never stand or walk under a raised container
  7. never place your hand or clothing under a container that is being lowered
  8. when working on the top or side of a container, use safe access equipment and never climb containers
  9. if working from a portable ladder make sure the ladder is properly secured, has non-slip feet so that metal-to-metal contact is avoided. Wear a safety harness, a hard hat and high visibility clothing. Attach the line from the harness to a secure point and arrange for a member of the ship’s crew to stand-by to assist
  10. take care climbing onto a lashing bridge. There could be loose items of equipment that can fall or the safety bar could be across the opening
  11. tidy loose equipment that is lying on decks, hatch covers, lashing bridges and coamings. These are trip hazards
  12. never climb up a stack of containers. Use an access cradle
  13. take care when fixing penguin hooks or lashing rods, as these can slip and strike someone
  14. avoid excessive stretching, bending or leaning when placing lashing rods. Their weight can be deceptive
  15. close access gratings after passing through. They are there to protect you
Seagoing container ship prior loading

Stevedore damages to ship or cargo

Stevedore damage is often the cause of bad relations between Owners and Charterers. We therefore, cannot emphasise strongly enough to be on continuous guard for stevedore damages, and if damage occurs it must be immediately recorded, and acknowledged by the responsible party. Care should be exercised with regard to promises that damage reports may be signed at the end of the discharge/loading operation, as the person who gave such assurance may not be available and his substitute knows nothing about the matter.

It must be made clear, between the stevedore company and the Master, with the assistance of the agent, of the procedure to be followed in case of damage. This should be done before starting cargo operations by establishing: It is of the utmost importance to have a constant watch on deck, including inspection of the holds, in order to detect damages as quickly as possible, taking into consideration that one or two day old damages, may not be acknowledged by the stevedores.

At the time of occurrence of damage, please inform the management office and/or commercial operator as soon as possible. It must be stressed that the requested information is to be sent in writing in due time and prior to sailing.

Damages are to be recorded in the stevedore damage report with date/time, etc., and also in the logbook with date, time of occurrence, etc.

A stevedore damage report must be made out as follows In all cases the charterers are to be notified in writing

container spreader
Container spreader

Container Spreaders - Use of Spreaders

Container spreaders are always to be used for lifting full or loaded containers. The use of wire slings must not be used to lift loaded containers as this places excessive stress on the container.

SWL of Spreaders : All portable spreaders belonging to the vessel must have their SWL, and weight clearly marked and must have a valid test certificate.

Inspection before use : Before any portable spreader is taken into use it must be inspected and approved by a responsible Officer.

Container's Gross Weight : The gross weight of the container must never exceed the SWL of the spreader.

Spreader Weight : The weight of the spreader and the gross weight of the container must both be taken into account when calculating the SWL of the derrick or crane.

Damaged Spreaders : Damaged or substandard spreaders must never be used. If the vessel's own portable spreader is damaged, it must be clearly marked as not for use and the relevant Management Office informed that repairs and retesting are required.

Landing of Spreaders : Container spreaders can suffer damage if landed on their lifting lugs. Spreaders are to be landed with the lifting lugs either in the sockets of a container or in the deck sockets. If this is not possible, they must be landed across timber bearers that keep the lifting lugs above the deck.

Container vessel cargo operations involve many complexities and careful consideration will need to be made for safe operation of her business. It is the responsibilty of the ship to take necessary measures to eliminate any potential danger in the working circumstances.

The procedures explained here are only indicative, not exhaustive in nature and one must always be guided by practices of good seamanship.

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