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How to maintain Water tightness, Seaworthiness, Fire integrity and Security of Cargo ships ?

Confirmation of closure of openings

The Master shall ensure the Chief Officer and Chief Engineer close all openings to maintain Water tightness, Seaworthiness, Fire integrity and Security of the vessel, at the following times, and enter the fact in the Log Book every time a) Before Sailing, b) When heavy weather is expected

NOTE ON CLOSURE AT EACH PURPOSE

For Water tightness

Since requirement of closure to maintain Water tightness is concerned with both Seaworthiness and Cargo care, following attentions should be paid, especially at:

Watertight doors in E/R and any provided on bulkheads between cargo holds

Weather-tight doors (Iron doors on exposed decks)

Side ports for pilots boarding, if applicable

Access hatches or manholes leading to cargo holds or tanks

Hatch Covers or Tank domes, if applicable

Ventilators in which sea water can enter and particularly those on the forecastle

Fan dampers in cargo holds, except while ventilating is required



All sounding & ullaging pipes, and where applicable, peep holes.

Meeting rough seas
SECURE ALL HULL CLOSURE PRIOR MEETING ROUGH SEAS


a) If for any reason, any watertight or weather-tight openings are opened at sea, permission must be taken from the Master as the case may be, and same closed immediately after completion of work and reconfirmed to the Master.

b) The Chief Engineer shall ensure that the watertight doors in the machinery space, Shaft tunnel watertight door where fitted, are closed at all times, unless the space is manned.

c) The Chief Engineer shall ensure that all self-closing devices on sounding pipes and glass-gauges for oil and water tanks are functional and never tied open. (This will also prevent the oil in tank from fuelling an E/R fire)



For Fire integrity

Since Fire prevention construction may function normally, where in Fire doors are properly closed, there should be no hold-back arrangements fitted to any Fire doors and all Fire doors must be adjusted to close fully at all times.



For Shipboard Security

a) All restricted spaces, as mentioned in the Ship Security Plan, are to be always kept closed in port and in piracy-prone areas.

b) Such closures serve the dual purpose of safeguarding both the safety as well as the security of the vessel.



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