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General guidance for Marine Environment Protection

Shipping industry recognizes environmental protection as one of its highest priorities and that every effort should be made to conserve and protect the environment from marine, atmospheric and other forms of pollution.

Environment Policy aims to eliminate the possibility of pollution at source by ensuring that high standards of safety and awareness are maintained, and that all relevant legislation and conventions are followed.

Concerned parties to be committed to the continuous improvement of procedures for achieving Zero spills.

An Environmental Management System (EMS) is a structure designed to implement and establish a working environmental policy.Shipboard EMS Team is to be made responsible for identifying and monitoring any specific legal, regulatory and other relevant requirements and guidelines pertaining to the environmental programme. This is done to ensure that the programme and its objectives are kept up-to-date and in line with legislation.

The team will also ensure that any legal requirements relating to the environmental programme are fully complied with. Records will be maintained (e.g. through the use of ballast and garbage logs or incident reports etc) and periodically evaluated. Such compliance should also be reviewed during EMS meetings as well as by means of internal audits



Access to this information can be achieved through books, web-sites, industry journals etc and are to include, but not be limited to, the following sources:
  1. MARPOL Annex I Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil


  2. MARPOL Annex II Regulations for the Control of Pollution by Noxious Substances in Bulk


  3. MARPOL Annex III Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Harmful Substances Carried by Sea in Packaged Form


  4. MARPOL Annex IV Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships


  5. MARPOL Annex V Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships


  6. MARPOL Annex VI Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships


  7. International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation 1990


  8. International Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by the Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter. (The London Convention 1972)


  9. International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-Fouling Systems on Ships 2001


  10. International Convention for the Control and Management of Ship’s Ballast Water and Sediments 2004


  11. IMO Guidelines on Ship Recycling


  12. EU Fuel Sulphur Directive


  13. United States Oil Pollution Act 1990 (OPA90)


  14. The International Safety Management (ISM) Code


  15. www.imo.org Various links to conventions such as the aforementioned and marine environment issues including circulars and other documentation.


  16. www.eea.eu.int Information concerning EU regulations and environmental development.


  17. www.globallast.imo.org The Global Ballast Water Management Program which assists in implementation of above Ballast Convention and a source of updated information on ballast.


  18. www.uscg.mil/hq/g-m/gmhome.htm The United States Coast Guard web page for Marine, Safety, Security and Environmental Protection


  19. www.intercargo.com International Association of Dry Cargo Ship Owners


  20. www.intertanko.com International Association of Independent Tanker Owners


  21. www.marisec.org/ics The International Chamber of Shipping


The above list covers guidance and legislation for ships; however a list of local requirements and legislation, as applicable, should also be made for office environmental issues. In addition, a useful source of reference and information can be obtained from various environmental organisations such as Green Peace (www.greenpeaceweb.org) and Friends of the Earth (www.foe.co.uk) as well as Classification Society and P&I Club websites and newsletters.

An active list is to be maintained by the EMS Team for reference and used for obtaining relevant data and information relating to the environmental programme. Wherever possible, the aspect/activity list and objectives should cross-reference the applicable legislation or guidance source.

Identified significant aspects are to be controlled in such a manner as to ensure that they are planned and carried out in line with the Company’s Environmental Policy, objectives and targets. In doing so, documented procedures are included within the SMS to ensure that measures are taken to ensure the correct and safe operating procedures relating to the aspects. Similarly, procedures are in place (including within the SOPEP/ECP) to safeguard and control situations where there may be a breakdown or failure of the procedures relating to significant aspects. Where new significant aspects are identified, procedures should be revised or amended to take this into consideration.

Any monitoring systems developed should be as simple as possible, while at the same time should be able to provide all relevant information and be capable of verifying compliance with environmental legislation. If measurement equipment is installed and used for the monitoring of objectives and targets, such equipment must be calibrated as per the manufacturer’s instructions. Results of any monitoring are to be used for measuring and revising environmental performance during the management review.


Auditing

Internal auditing with particular reference made to ISO 14001. Any findings will be dealt with by proper corrective action and evidence of same filed with the audit report.

The regional management office will establish an internal audit programme for the office and each vessel prior to accreditation of ISO 14001. Auditors carrying out enhanced environmental management audits including the requirements of ISO14001 must have received appropriate training .

Documentation summary

The following is a summary of documentation and records relating to environmental protection and management which are to be referenced and/or maintained:

Related info :
  1. Marpol annex I - Preventing pollution by oil -Notes on Oily Water Separators


  2. Marpol Annex II -Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk


  3. Marpol annex III -Pollution by other harmful substances & harmful packaged goods


  4. Marpol annex IV - Prohibition on Sewage Discharge


  5. Marpol annex V - Pollution by garbage


  6. Marpol annex VI - Pollution by air


  7. Pollution by ballast water


  8. Prevention of pollution while carrying out overboard maintenance


  9. Burning of heavy fuel oil & diesel oil - Environmental impacts




Preventing air pollution various guideline:




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