Tanker Notes ||
Container Ship Operations ||
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Onboard training requirement for Crew working onboard Container ships
The Master onboard containership shall carry out onboard training as per the IMO guideline for Onboard Training and maintain appropriate records and entries in ships log book.
If a full muster, drill or training session is not held at the appointed time, an entry shall be made in the log-book stating the circumstances and the extent of the Muster, Drill or Training session held.
Additionally each deck officer, engineer, trainee and rating shall understudy his/her superiors and receive knowledge and training in duties to be carried out at the next rank.
The Master shall encourage such understudy and assist in enhancing proficiency, knowledge and skill of seafarers wherever possible.
Special care shall be taken to train Cadets, Trainee marine engineers and the like, who are on board specifically for training purposes.
Specified curriculums / training schedules shall be followed onboard as far as practicable and progress and performance of the trainees, closely monitored.
The Master & Chief Engineer shall ensure that trainees keep up to date.
Their training record books obtaining necessary endorsements from senior officers where necessary.
Periodical progress and performance reports for each trainee shall be correctly and honestly completed, discussed with the trainee .
Emergency Procedures Training Drill
The Master shall prepare an “Onboard Emergency Procedures Training Record” for the calendar year including a plan for covering at least Two emergency procedures each month and maintain such record up to date.
The Master shall order the officer in charge to give the crew members emergency procedures training drills as per the plan, Every month to make them familiarized with the contents and operational methods of procedures to be followed in each emergency.
The Master shall affix his signature into the “Seafarers Emergency Procedures Training Record” and keep it on board the vessel.
He shall return the record to each crew member when he sign off the vessel and instruct him keep the same.
Hazardous Materials Training (Container ships)
The Master and deck crew shall be trained how to handle hazardous materials on board as cargo and concerning the basic knowledge for the safety in accordance with the requirements of IMDG code, 49CFR part 172 / part 176 and TDG (Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulation, Canada) Part 3, 4 and 8.
This training shall be applied to the Master and deck crew on board the ship (Container Ships) loaded with individual hazardous cargo calling ports in the United States and/or Canada in the following manner.
The person designated by the Company as trainer shall give training on loading Individual hazardous cargo to the Master before getting on board the ship.
The Master shall be given an examination and furnished a certificate by the Company.
The Master who has the above mentioned certificate shall give the same training to the deck crew when on board the ship.
The deck crew shall be given an examination and furnished a “Hazmat Training Certificate” by the Master. Such certificates shall be maintained in ship’s file during the crew member’s stay on board. He shall return the certificate to each crew member when he sign off the vessel and instruct him keep the same.
The Master shall enter the record into the “Onboard Hazmat Training Record” when training to the deck crew is concluded and certificate issued.
Video and Computer Based Training (CBT)
The Master shall prepare an “Onboard CBT & Video Training Record” for the calendar year including a plan for training to be conducted Every month and maintain such record up to date.
The Master shall order the officer in charge to give the crew members CBT and Video training as per the plan, Every month.
The Master shall affix his signature into the “Seafarers CBT & Video Training Record” and keep it on board the vessel. He shall return the record to each crewmember when he sign off the vessel and instruct him keep the same.
Training Manuals and Onboard Training Aids
Training Manuals and Fire Safety Operational Booklets complying with SOLAS requirements shall be provided in each crew mess room and recreation room.
In addition to audio visual and practical training, crew members shall be encouraged to read and understand instructions contained in training manuals and various other publications available on board.
Summarized below are some basic container transport procedures. These procedures are only indicative, not exhaustive in nature and one must always be guided by practices of good seamanship.
Safe cargo stowage and planning
When considering acceptability of a container cargo stowage plan, some basic check items, procedures / guidelines concerning cargo stowage shall be taken into account . Read
Safe Cargo operation
On Arrival Port, Prior Commencing Cargo Operation
1) The composition of cargo watch personnel shall be decided and duties well understood.
2) All personnel involved in the cargo watch shall be briefed regarding the expected operations and provided with a Cargo Discharge Plan
. Read more...
Guidelines and procedures concerning containership hull strength & stability
When considering acceptability of a container cargo stowage plan, the following procedures/guidelines concerning hull strength & stability shall be taken into account:
a) Draft, Trim and Heel Draft restrictions at berth, approaches, passage and next port shall be taken into consideration and vessels maximum draft must be maintained within the applicable restriction. Read more...
Procedures for dangerous cargo handling and documentation
Handling dangerous cargo requires special care due to the inherent hazardous nature of the cargo and applicable carriage regulations.
Procedures for reefer cargo handling
Reefer containers require special care after they are loaded on board ship. These containers need to be supplied with power, monitored closely for proper function and repaired as required in case of malfunction.
Handling breakbulk,Out of gauge and open top containers
Break bulk cargo is usually stowed on flat racks and platforms. It is important to confirm that the break bulk cargo itself is properly secured onto the Flat rack or Platform prior loading on board.
Containership operation: 2 in 1 (Two in One) Loading
The term 2 in 1 operation is normally used when two 20feet units are loaded in one 40feet bay underdeck. When such loading operation is being conducted, it must be ensured that the terminal staff is aware of the vessels lashing system.
Containership operation: On Deck Loading of 20feet Containers
20feet containers loaded on deck must be spaced apart in order to leave room for lashing each container on the fore and aft ends.
Containership operation: Opening closing hatch covers
Hatch cover operations are frequently carried out on board container ships but due care is necessary to prevent damage by incorrect operation.
Containership operation: Cargo lashing
Regular inspection and maintenance of ships cargo securing devices must be carried out. These would include routine visual examination of components being utilized, lubrication of securing devices, repair of damaged securing devices and separating out and rejecting damaged/unusable securing devices.
Containership Cargo securing
When containers are carried on deck, the ship is required to be approved for that purpose and the containers themselves are secured with twistlocks and lashings. These usually consist of steel rods and turnbuckles.
Containership Cargo Securing Devices (Lashing Gear Box Containers)
Vessel shall account for all lashing gear box containers including bins prior departure from every port.
Containership Cargo hold ventilation
Cargo holds of container ships are fitted with two basic types of ventilation systems, namely natural and mechanical. Mechanical ventilation could be of either the supply or the exhaust type.
Safety navigation for container ships
While planning the passage for intended voyage the safety of navigation should be accommodated in, where it is both reasonable and possible to do so,
Containership Cargo care at sea
Condition of Cargo (Container) Securing / Lashing shall be checked at least once daily and tightened as required.
Containership operation: Safety of personnel
On board containerships there are several potential safety hazards in the cargo working area and these will have to be identified, made safe and monitored to ensure continued safety.
Containership operation: wet damage in cargo hold
Water entered into vessel cargo holds may cause wet damage to the cargo inside containers especially stowed on the bottom, unless the bilge water is drained in a proper and swift manner.
Containership operation: hull damage stevedores
In case a third party including stevedores is responsible for an accident caused by work, such as Cargo handling, Bunkering, or Loading ships stores or the like, the Master shall handle the accident with appropriate steps to claim for damages.
Measures to protect the vessel side against stevedores injury
All working areas and accesses must be checked to be clear of any slippery matter and obstructions, be structurally sound and well lit, before stevedores come on board.
Measures to protect reefer cargo deterioration
Check and monitor each reefer container as per voyage instruction, which requires some basic check items.
Containership Navigation : Ships motion in a seaway
Ships are affected by movement in six degrees of freedom; rolling, pitching, heaving, swaying, surging and yawing. Of these, rolling, pitching and heaving generate the highest forces during heavy weather.
Containership Cargo Securing Arrangement
Details of the securing system and its constraints are set out in the vessels approved Cargo/Container Securing Manual.
Containership Cargo Operation : Common reasons for stowfall
Container stows often fail due to:
Container stacks being too heavy and too high overall, exposing the lower containers to excessive transverse racking and compressive forces due to the tipping effect.
Containership operation : Ships motion in a seaway :parametric roll
The term parametric roll is used to describe the phenomenon of large unstable roll motion suddenly occurring in head or stern seas.
Other info pages !
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Stevedores injury How to prevent injury onboard
Environmental issues How to prevent marine pollution
Cargo & Ballast Handling Safety Guideline
Reefer cargo handling Troubleshoot and countermeasures
DG cargo handling Procedures & Guidelines
Safety in engine room Standard procedures
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prevention of pollution and many safety guideline. The procedures explained here are only indicative,
not exhaustive in nature and one must always be guided by practices of good seamanship.
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